Mining Holly leaves

Out in the woods I’m surrounded by the familiar shape of Holly bushes, Ilex aquifolium. It’s also a familiar feeling as the leaf spines penetrate my trousers, into the backs of my calves.

On many of the leaves I can see the familiar meandering pattern of a leaf miner. There’s been the larva of an insect eating the leaf from the inside, protected from harm by the Holly itself.

Holly - The Hall of Einar - photograph (c) David Bailey (not the)

This one, the Holly Leaf Miner, Phytomyza ilicis, is a fly. Being the fat and juicy grub of a fly is an open invitation to dinner for other species. They are a particular delicacy for Blue Tits, which make triangular peck holes in the leaves as they extract a tasty morsel. They are also a perfect place for parasitic wasps to lay their eggs; inside the grub, where they eat it from the inside, just like the Leaf Miner does to the Holly bush.

Some of them, however, manage to pupate and fly free, to lay their eggs on another Holly bush, and the cycle continues. Life; it’s a grub eat grub world.

Previous Post
Long-Tailed Tit - The Hall of Einar - photograph (c) David Bailey (not the)

Long-Tailed Bushtits

It's raining and the weather is dull. It's not great light for photography, but it is great light for observation. These Long-Tailed Tits ... Read more

Next Post
Coal Tit - The Hall of Einar - photograph by David Bailey (not the)

Ancient names: Parus capite nigro: vertice albo, dorso cinereo, pectore albo

Coal Tit is such a nice, short, simple name. It's also in English, and despite Britain's best efforts in the past, not all ... Read more

Feel free to leave a Reply :)